After completing intensive preparations, the UAE space simulation program “Mission No. 1”, as part of international scientific research, began in a unique earth station called “Sirius-21”. The crew entered the ground simulator at the experimental ground complex in the Russian capital, Moscow, today, in a project that will last 8 months. Emirate astronaut Saleh Al Ameri has joined the main crew, which includes Oleg Blinov, Ekaterina Kariyakina and Victoria Kirishenko of the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as Ashley Kowalsky and William Brown of NASA.
The crew’s entry into the simulation unit by the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center was witnessed by engineer Salem Al-Marri, deputy director of the Center, engineer Adnan Al-Rayes, Director of the “March 2117 Program”, and Engineer Mohammed bin Nachouk, Director of the Emirates Space Simulation Program, who accompanied the final equipment On Earth to begin “Mission No. 1” to simulate space.
This project is critical to understanding the effects of isolation and confinement on the human psychological and physiological aspects and mechanics of the team’s work, to support preparations for long space exploration missions. The 240-day mission will simulate the different stages and scenarios of a manned mission to the moon, which includes a number of stages, such as launch, rotation, landing, and return. The ground simulation unit within the Experimental Ground Complex of the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences includes unique facilities for conducting typical spaceflight studies of different duration and complexity, and provides multifunctional experimental units capable of accommodating 3 to 10 crew members. . . .
As for the backup crew, which includes Emirati astronaut Abdullah Al Hammadi, Vera Bekhtereva, Evgeny Prokubiev and Alexei Federov of the Institute for Medical and Biological Research, Brian Evarts and Tatiana Delaney of the US Space Agency (NASA), it will serve as a backup. crew for the project, in addition to providing support to the operations center’s main crew. .
Hamad Obaid Al-Mansoori, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Space Center Mohammed bin Rashid, said: “Our cooperation with the Medical and Biological Research Institute and NASA is in line with our ongoing contributions to the global space sector, through our mutual efforts. collaborative relationships, which makes us proud of our participation.In the “Sirius-21” project, in turn, we wish the crew all the best, and with this project we look forward to gaining unique insights and gaining a rich amount of important data that will benefit to current and future generations of scientists and engineers, to help them explore space in the long run. term. “
Youssef Hamad Al Shaibani, Director General of the Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Center, said: “Through the Emirates Space Simulation Project, we can improve our capabilities to better levels as a country that has entered the International Space Club with merit. This is our first mission. , as the Emirati astronaut will live and work completely independently in the isolated unit to be his home for 8 months.We see in this project another milestone in the scientific cooperation between the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center on the one hand and the Russian Medical and Biological Research Institute The Academy of Sciences and the US Space Agency (NASA), on the other hand, are also an expression of the excellent relations that exist between the three parties. exploration of other planets. “
During the simulation project, the astronauts will conduct more than 70 experiments during the mission, and there will be five participations presented by four universities in the UAE, addressing the fields of physiology, psychology and biology that were selected after consultation with program partners. in Russia.
Shamma Al-Mutawa of the University of Medicine and Health Sciences Mohammed Bin Rashid will support a study on the effects of prolonged exposure to a simulated space environment on cardiovascular variability and cardiac interactions, as one of the research topics selected in the project.
The research topic chosen by Cargo University offers a study to determine the effects of confinement stress and isolation on the circulatory and skeletal muscle function of crew members, during the task of measuring clinical, genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic indicators.
Other selected topics for the program include research by the American University of Burden on stress in isolation and a narrow environment, while the University of the United Arab Emirates has proposed two research topics, one of which addresses “Psychological Challenges of Isolation During Manned Space Travel: The Role of Motivational Dynamics, ”and the second relates to exercises. Intermittent and intense as a countermeasure to prevent osteoporosis or loss of bone density and insulin resistance in the space environment.
Crew members are subjected to a completely isolated environment, and are given certain tasks that they must perform, without any contact with the outside world. Previously performed tasks within the series include the “Sirius-17” program in 2017, which lasted 17 days, and the “Sirius-19” program, which was completed in 2019 and lasted 120 days. The current “Sirius-2021” represents the third phase of the “Sirius” project, which is a 240-day isolated experiment that will include simulations of the main features of a future interplanetary mission. The experiment includes leaving Earth’s orbit, embarking on a hypothetical planet, with a subsequent orbital flight to find a landing site, then landing an expeditionary unit to do scientific research, staying in orbit to make transport ship receptions, and remotely controlling a robot. vehicles to build a base before Back to earth again.
The UAE’s participation in the “Sirius” program will be very important, and it will play a key role in developing Emirati capabilities and contributing to the development of the “Mars 2117 Program”, which aims to establish human settlements on the Red Planet in the year 2117. This program is funded by the Information and Communication Technology Fund of the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority and the Digital Government.
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