Nations struggling to reach consensus on climate promises as COP26 summit ends – National

Negotiators at the UN climate summit in Glasgow are expected to lock the horns on Friday for what is scheduled to be the final day of negotiations on how to stop global warming from disaster.

After nearly two weeks of negotiations, the nearly 200 countries represented at the summit remain in conflict over a range of issues from how rich nations should compensate poor people for damage caused by climate-driven disasters to how often nations should be required to upgrade their emissions. promises.

“There is still much more work to be done,” Alok Sharma, British chairman of the COP26 summit, told reporters on Thursday on the state of negotiations.

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COP26: UN leader calls for ambitious agreements as global warming target for “livelihood”

There already seemed to be signs that negotiators were withdrawing from a call to stop all use of coal and to completely eliminate fossil fuel subsidies. Wednesday’s draft proposal called on countries to “accelerate the removal of coal and subsidies for fossil fuel.”

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But the latest draft of the meeting chair released on Friday calls on countries to accelerate “the elimination of relentless coal power and inefficient subsidies for fossil fuels.”

The COP26 conference aimed at keeping alive the aspirational goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels and to avoid the worst effects of climate change.

But according to the current promises of countries to cut emissions this decade, researchers say the world will hit levels of global warming far beyond that limit, triggering catastrophic sea level rise, floods and droughts.

Although there is little hope that new pledges will emerge on the final day of negotiations to limit that gap, negotiators are trying to impose new requirements that could force countries to raise their pledges in the future, hopefully fast enough to keep the 1.5C target achievable.

The earlier draft of the COP26 agreement, for example, would force countries to update their climate targets in 2022, something climate-vulnerable nations hope they can strengthen into mandatory annual reviews to ensure the globe stays on track.

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Delegates say the COP26 deal is a good start but not enough

Delegates say the COP26 deal is a good start but not enough

‘Constant progress’

“Glasgow must be the moment when ambition becomes a constant process at every COP, and this year’s COP decision must require annual ambitious platforms by 2025 to ensure that,” said Mohamed Nasheed, Maldives ’parliamentary speaker and former president and ambassador for the Climate Forum group of 48 countries.

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“Action is needed just this decade. 2030 feels like a cliff edge and we are running towards it,” said Nicolas Galarza, Colombia’s deputy environment minister.

A senior U.S. official said the world’s largest economy has backed a strengthening of targets to meet the Paris targets, but cannot support a requirement in the COP26 agreement for annual revisions of pledges.

Currently, countries have to revisit their pledges every five years.

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The draft COP26 agreement calls on countries to strengthen climate promises. But is that enough?

Negotiators are also fighting over a language on the removal of subsidies for fossil fuels in the conclusions of COP26, against which Arab countries – many of them large fossil producers – have warned.

European Union climate policy chief Frans Timmermans said on Thursday that removing the language “would be a very, very bad signal”.

Questions of finance continue to threaten negotiations, and developing countries are pushing for stricter rules to ensure that rich countries, whose historical emissions are largely responsible for global warming, offer more money to help the poorest nations adapt to climate impacts.

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Scientists warn global warming at 2.4 ° C despite COP26 commitments

Scientists warn global warming at 2.4 ° C despite COP26 commitments

Ministers are also trying to finalize the dispute rules that will implement the Paris agreement, demanding an agreement on multi-year disputes over carbon markets and transparency.

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A final agreement will require the unanimous consent of the nearly 200 countries that have signed the 2015 Paris Agreement.

On Thursday night, diplomats bowed to work out the technical terms of the Paris rulebook, while in other negotiating chambers their government ministers discussed other points of political conflict.

(Reporting by Kate Abnett; editing by Richard Valdmanis and Giles Elgood)


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